Unclaimed Property Explained

The Closest thing to Free Money

Unclaimed property (or abandoned property) refers to dormant account balances that haven’t experienced activity or owner contact within a statutory-determined amount of time. Business entities are legally required to report and turn over (escheat) any unclaimed funds to the treasury agency in their state. Law further demands that companies must regularly file unclaimed property reports, escheating to the state of the owner’s last reported address all unclaimed property in its possession.
State agencies are required to demonstrate that a diligent effort has been made to find the rightful owners. Most states hold these lost assets until the owner is found, at which time they are returned at no cost or for a nominal fee. To claim the funds, the owner must file a claim form and provide verification of their identity with every state entity holding their property.
Special Note: While the rightful owner of unclaimed property can be either an individual or a corporation. Boomerang Asset Recovery exclusively serves only corporate entities.

Common Forms of Unclaimed Property

Checking or Savings
Account Funds


Vendor Payments

Uncashed Dividends

Payroll Checks

Refunds and rebates

Life Insurance


Certificates of Deposit

Certificates of Deposit

Why Are These Properties Reported as Unclaimed?

Each state and many federal agencies have enacted unclaimed property statutes that strictly prohibit companies from retaining those funds that can’t be returned to the rightful owner. By law these undeliverable funds must be turned over to a state agency for safekeeping in a trust. There are countless reasons why a corporation’s assets might end up being reported as unclaimed property. For instance:

Profusion and Confusion of Entity Names

Corporate Process Disconnects

Clerical Errors

As corporate umbrellas expand, individual entity names proliferate, change, or are terminated. The greater the number of current and expired entity names there are in play, the more it complicates the process of routing assets to their rightful owners

Corporations employ a variety of disparate, unintegrated accounts receivable processing systems. Effective payment processing relies on accurate and up-to-date location and address change records. In this environment, even the slightest errors can result in lost assets.

Company names or addresses are easily and frequently misspelled. Mistakes also routinely result from the use of acronyms, non-standard punctuation and abbreviates. Any misstep leads to payments being returned to the issuing company…and eventually finding their way into a state treasury account!